Now that we have a basic understanding of the cannabis compounds that control our high in Cannabinoids & Terpenes: The Cannabis Experience, let’s delve a little deeper into the most commonly used cannabinoids: THC and CBD. Although cannabis research is still in its early stages, THC and CBD are at the forefront of most studies as they are the most prevalent, sought out cannabinoids. Although these two cannabinoids are effective on their own, they have been known to be most effective when consumed together.
THC, or Tetrahydrocannabinol, is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis and easily binds to the CB1 receptors creating a euphoric and cerebral sensation. Based on a person’s body chemistry and the strain consumed, THC can produce a sedative, energetic, or stimulating sensation. It has been seen that THC helps individuals battling with depression, PTSD, anxiety or other mood disorders. In addition, THC has been seen to stimulate an appetite, aid in sleep, ease chronic pain, focuses a busy mind and so much more.
CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a less common, non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It is desired for its medicinal properties as it binds to the CB2 receptors in the body. CBD has an anticonvulsive property that has been reported to reduce seizures, return alertness and enhance motor functions. In addition, CBD has anti-inflammatory properties that help relieve chronic pain, migraines, and arthritis. Although it is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid it creates a sense of calm for those with anxiety, depression, and other mood disorders.
THC and CBD synergistically work together to balance out their unique effects in ratio, while unlocking each others full potential. This is known as the “Entourage Effect,” which has been understood to produce the most benefits. When consuming THC and CBD in a 1:1 ratio, the CBD brings down the psychoactivity of the THC. In return, the THC opens up the endocannabinoid system to better absorb the CBD. Thus, relaxing the body and slightly elevating the mood, making one feel balanced and euphoric.
As everyone has varying body chemistries, different ratios of cannabinoids can be beneficial in different ways. For those who are nervous about the psychoactivity of THC, a 20:1 ratio of CBD:THC would be a great starting point. This combination has very little cerebral stimulation, higher percentages of CBD drown out the psycoactivity of the THC. Most cannabis flowers have low CBD levels, between 0-1%, but there are a few strains like Cannatonic, ACDC, and Harlequin that have naturally high CBD levels with low THC. Cannabis is body chemistry specific and thus exploring the different ratios of CBD to THC will help one identify the combination that will produce your desired effect.
Continue your education on the different types of cannabis-infused products in our next blog, Exploring Cannabis Products!
For a deeper dive into the cannabis plant, its various compounds and the industry that surrounds it, call and book your private educational experience with City Sessions today. 720-250-8828