Edibles are a great way to find relief from a wide variety of ailments. These products offer a discreet delivery system paired with a stronger, longer-lasting effect. But not all edibles are created equal.
In the late 90s and early 2000s states around the U.S. began to legalize medical cannabis programs. The creation of these programs was the beginning of cannabis-related healing coming into mainstream American culture. Many people who suffer from chronic medical conditions began to experiment with cannabis and found therapeutic relief from their ailments. One product line in particular that many found helped with ailments were edibles. Prior to legalization edibles were made by infusing butter or another oil with cannabis. At the time, effects were inconsistent because there was no way of knowing how much cannabis each edible contained.
Now, there are a variety of edibles formulated to decrease onset time and create specific effects for the consumer. In today’s market, not all edibles are created equal. We are here to help you understand the difference between how products are made.
Ingestion & Digestion
First, it is important to understand how edibles work in your body. As we discussed in Five Things to Know Before Trying Edibles and Bioavailability and Consumption Methods, edible products travel through the gastrointestinal tract where they are broken down by the liver. During this process the delta9-THC molecule undergoes a transition where the chemical makeup is changed to 11hydroxy-THC. This change creates a much more intense psychoactive effect that can last from 4 to 8 hours. However, it can take 1 to 2 hours to take effect.
Traditionally, edible products were made using an infused butter or oil. Since the start of legal cannabis, extracts have taken over as the main ingredient to infuse cannabis edibles. In the past couple of years, distillate has become the extract of choice for many edible manufacturers. When cannabis oil is distilled, the THC molecule is isolated and all other components are stripped away. This leaves you with an odorless, tasteless, fully activated, translucent oil that is highly potent. Due to these characteristics, distillate works very well for formulating edible products; but the onset time for a distillate infused product is still around 1 to 2 hours. Many companies in the market have recognized that the prolonged onset time is an issue and have begun to use pharmaceutical delivery systems to cut down the onset time of their edible products.
Nano-encapsulation is a process where a compound is broken down into the individual molecule and encapsulated in a substance that changes the way it interacts with other chemical compounds. Naturally, cannabinoids are hydrophobic compounds, meaning they are not water soluble. Through the use of nano-encapsulation, THC and CBD become water soluble allowing them to be absorbed into your bloodstream. This delivery system is faster than traditional edible products (15 – 30 minutes onset). As discussed a previous blog, Bioavailability and Consumption Methods, the bioavailability of these products is increased due to the use of nano-encapsulation in their formulation. This means more of the cannabinoids are making it into the bloodstream as opposed to being broken down in the gastrointestinal tract. Having a greater bioavailability creates a more robust effect for the consumer.
Know Before You Buy
Two excellent brands found in the Colorado market Stillwater and 1906 are implementing new technology to quicken the felt effects of their edible products. These two brands have created products that are more consistent, have greater efficacy, and have an accelerated onset time through the use of nano-encapsulation. When purchasing edible products, talk with your budtender about the experience that you are looking to achieve. Ask them about the different delivery systems these products use and chose the one that fits your needs. The budtenders will be able to help guide you into the product lines that are right for you. Because remember: not all edibles are created equal!
Continue your education on how cannabis can enhance human relationships in our next blog, Cannabis In Relationships
For a deeper dive into the cannabis plant, its various compounds and the industry that surrounds it, call and book your private educational experience with City Sessions today. 720-250-8828